O Lord Thou shalt open my lips and my mouth shall declare Thy praise.

Sunday, April 17, 2011

PICS: High Mass in the Rite of Braga (Part I)

Missa Cantata for Palm Sunday in the Rite of Braga - Part I: Procession

I like to post liturgical eye candy. Today we pig out.

Today on a whim I decided it would be a good day to bring my camera to Church. It's Palm Sunday after all-there would be a procession before High Mass at Holy Name in Providence, RI. Wow. Good call. Mass was not in the Roman Rite, but in the Rite of Braga, celebrated by Fr. Joseph Santos, pastor there, but incardinated at Braga, Portugal. Being Portuguese myself, I have a natural interest in this rite. I was spoiled today to see one of the other Western Rites, so I'll spoil you too. It has been seldom seen after Vatican II, since the other Western Rites (which all use Latin as their language) are rather similar to the Tridentine Rite (or better put, the Roman Rite as mandated by Trent). Braga, together with Toledo and Milan, is one of three dioceses other than Rome to have it's own rite. There used to be more. Trent changed that. Braga is one of those rites that was over 200 years old at the time (the year 1570), so it was allowed to survive. The other western rites belong to religious orders. All these rites are variations of the Roman Rite, either developing along side it or being an offshoot of it. After Vatican II, many of these rites were oppressed (not suppressed) by modernists demanding vernacular and communal liturgy. The most recent edition of the Missale Bracarense is from 1924, so we are really being spoiled today. 1924 is better than 1962, no?

Mass was two hours long (procession and passion, it adds up...), so I'll split this into three parts: the Procession, Mass of the Catechumens, and Mass of the Faithful. I took 129 pictures and 51 made it into the final cut, far to many for one post. A couple servers reminded me of Mac McLernon as they too don't want their faces on the internet. I made them anonymous using the appropriate liturgical color.

I'll point out the differences with the Roman Rite as we go along. The procession has the most differences. In the Roman Rite (I mean the 1962 ed. obviously) we have an antiphon, one prayer for the blessing of the palms, distribution of the palms, Gospel, and procession. In the Rite of Braga it's much longer. You'll notice that violet vestments are used throughout, as was the case at Rome before 1956. While the (questionable) idea of using red vestments for the procession was introduced at Rome in 1956, the Mass remaining violet, it was never introduced at Braga. You'll also notice that images are unveiled today in the Rite of Braga for this Mass only, so the cross isn't veiled.

First the choir sings an antiphon (Jn 11:47-49, 50, 53) as the clergy enter. 

Then we have a Lesson (Is 62: 11-12)...
...a Gradual (Ph. 2:8-9)...
...and the Gospel (Mt 21: 1-9; the same as Rome).
Next, five prayers followed by a preface bless the palms.
The palms are distributed. The priest places the palm on the
processional cross, which features quite prominently.

The procession begins.

You'll notice that in the Rite of Braga, the thurifer &
crucifer wear dalmatics. They wear simply cassock,
surplice, and dalmatic. 
The Procession.

The Procession.

The Procession.

The Procession. Great shot of the cope.
The set of vestments was gorgeous. I took
many pictures of them specifically.

The Procession.

The procession stops thrice for the priest to genuflect to
the processional cross. Each time he sings, Ave Rex Noster.
"Hail, Our King"

Another of the three genuflections.
The Procession approaches the door.

The priest knocks on the door with the
processional cross saying the Attolite portas.
The porter asks, Quis est iste Rex gloriae?
This is done thrice, each time the priest
responds with one of the three
Dominus statements from Ps 23. You'll
remember this from the Roman Rite
Consecration of a Church (Think FSSP
Seminary in Nebraska). 

The door is opened.

They enter the Church for Mass.